calm dog

Dogs are beloved pets of many households around the world. They are well-known for their fidelity, submission, and good humour. However, like humans, dogs can also experience anxiety and fear. 

These emotions can stem from various causes, including separation anxiety, loud noises, and unfamiliar surroundings. Fortunately, dog-calming pheromones are available to help alleviate the stress that dogs experience. 

This article will discuss what pheromones are, how they work, and how they can help dogs.

What Are Pheromones?

Pheromones are chemical signals that animals, including dogs, use to communicate with each other. They are released into the environment by the animal's body and are detected by other animals through their sense of smell. 

Pheromones can convey a wide range of information, including the presence of a potential mate, the location of food, and the state of mind of the releasing animal. 

In dogs, pheromones are secreted from various glands in their bodies, including the anal glands, sebaceous glands, and mammary glands.

How Do Pheromones Work?

Pheromones work by triggering specific receptors in the brain that are responsible for various behaviours and emotions. In dogs, the primary pheromones that are responsible for calming behaviour include the dog appeasing pheromone (DAP) and the maternal pheromone. 

DAP is a substance that nursing mother dogs emit that is thought to comfort young puppies. Maternal pheromones, on the other hand, are released by mother dogs and are thought to help calm their puppies and promote bonding.

Pheromones can be detected by a dog's olfactory system, which is highly developed. Humans only have six million olfactory receptors, whereas dogs have around 300 million. 

This means that dogs can detect even minute quantities of pheromones, which can have a significant impact on their behaviour and emotions.

How Can Pheromones Help Dogs?

Dog-calming pheromones can help dogs in several ways. They can help alleviate anxiety and fear in dogs. Studies have shown that DAP can reduce anxiety-related behaviours in dogs, such as panting, whining, and pacing. 

It can also help dogs feel more relaxed in stressful situations, such as during thunderstorms or fireworks displays.

Pheromones can help promote bonding between dogs and their owners. When pheromones are used in conjunction with positive reinforcement training, they can help reinforce positive behaviours and create a stronger bond between the dog and its owner.

Pheromones can help reduce aggressive behaviours in dogs. This is because pheromones can help calm dogs down and reduce their stress levels, which can lead to a decrease in aggressive behaviour. 

If your dog has previous instances of aggression or is prone to acting aggressively, then this is especially helpful.

Potential Side Effects of Pheromones

Pheromones are mostly harmless for dogs. However, it's important to remember that certain dogs may experience negative side effects. These include the potential for skin irritation, vomiting, and diarrhoea. 

It's crucial to cease using pheromones and speak with your veterinarian if your dog exhibits any negative effects after using them.

Types of Pheromone Products

There are several different types of pheromone products available for dogs, including sprays, diffusers, and collars. 

Sprays can be applied directly to a dog's bedding or environment, while diffusers release pheromones into the air. Collars are worn around a dog's neck and release pheromones continuously. 

It's important to choose the type of product that will benefit your dog the most and their individual needs.


Dog-calming pheromones are a safe and effective way to help alleviate anxiety and fear in dogs. They work by triggering specific receptors in the brain that are responsible for various behaviours and emotions. 

If you have a dog that is prone to anxiety or fear, consider using pheromones to help alleviate their stress and promote a calmer, happier pet.

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Understanding Dog-Calming Pheromones and Their Mechanisms